Part III: Science Alert, Serious Wonder and Cosmos Up

Part III: Science Alert, Serious Wonder and Cosmos Up

[All three posts in this series have the same introduction, but I choose info from each of the four science compilation sites separately for each post. This post focuses on gleanings from Cosmos Up]

INTRO: I should have been a research scientist. I love science. I’m extremely intelligent, determined, creative, and organized. I coulda been a contenda for a Nobel prize. That’s my story and I’m stickin’ to it.

Why am I not a scientist? I had a series of misogynistic (one of my teachers hated the four girls in my advanced science class so much he would pith [paralyze] the frogs by holding them in the air directly in front of one of us so that each frog would urinate on our blouses), anti-Semitic (another one wore his “John Birch Society” pin to school every day, displayed prominently on his lapel; there were three girls in my class and he insulted each of us daily), incompetent (in an lab accident at his “real” job, this poor man had lost most of his sight and drive and spent each class time mostly ignoring all of us) and otherwise horrible science teachers in 8th, 9th, and 10th grades.

With better teachers in those critical years, my life could have turned out very differently. Those terrible teachers turned me so far off science I only took one more “hard” science course (because it was required, in undergraduate college), despite many more years of education, through getting a doctorate.

As an adult, I became enthralled with quantum physics, health/anatomy, nutrition, child development/learning and the multiverse/astrophysics, so I read. A lot. I also watch documentaries. I am not even close to understanding some of the physics stuff, but the rest I got quite adept at utilizing. To “keep up,” I subscribe to many science-oriented blogs and curation sites.

My favorites are: Science Alert, Serious Wonder, Brain Pickings Weekly and Cosmos Up. I will excerpt from some of the “best of the best” of what I’ve recently perused.

Part III is all from Cosmos Up, which means this month’s offerings are all astronomical! I hope you enjoy! Go subscribe!


CosmosUp.com

Cosmos Up logo

Astrophysics and Quantum Physics/Mechanics
1. Jan 11, 2015, “NASA Reveals Three Amazing Travel Posters for Earth-Like Planets”
http://goo.gl/gfZgB1
“NASA has marked the discovery of potentially habitable worlds by its Kepler space observatory with a poster series imagining the ‘out of this world’ holiday options they may one day offer. Drawing inspiration from travel billboards of the 20s, 30s and 40s, the posters are the brainchild of NASA visual strategists Joby Harris, David Delgado and Dan Goods.”

NASA travel poster 1
and

NASA travel poster 2
and

NASA travel poster 3
“These posters are even available online and can be downloaded for free via JPL’s website. There are additional exoplanet posters in the works, NASA said.”

  1. January 14, 2015, “Rare Phenomenon In The Solar System, What Has Cassini Photographed?”
    http://goo.gl/EiDpnM
    “Cassini…captures a strange hexagonal formation present at one pole of Saturn. The diameter of the ‘hexagon’ is 30,000 miles. This formation is present at the north pole of the planet. Inside the formation…the wind blows up with a colossal speed [of] about 322 kilometers per hour. The center of this strange formation is actually a very powerful storm. Scientists say that…it isn’t present on any other planet in our solar system.”

    Cassini photo Saturn hexagon

  2. January 27, 2015, “Oldest Star System in Galaxy Discovered by NASA ‘could Point to Extremely Advanced Alien Civilisations’”
    http://goo.gl/kJG1Ue
    “’There are far-reaching implications for this discovery [of a sun-like star with 5 orbiting planets ranging in size from Mercury to Venus],’ lead researcher Tiago Campante said in a statement. ‘We now know that Earth-sized planets have formed throughout most of the Universe’s 13.8 billion year history, which could provide scope for the existence of ancient life in the Galaxy.’
    “’Planetary systems around stars have been a common feature of our galaxy for a long, long time.’”

    Kepler 444 and 5 planets

  3. February 11, 2015, “New Crazy Theory: The Universe has ‘No End and No Beginning’”
    http://goo.gl/t7HUkr
    “They showed that quantum particles can never meet or cross paths.’As far as we can see, since different points in the universe never actually converged in the past, it did not have a beginning,’ Professor Saurya Das said.”

  4. April 14, 2015, “New Map Reveals Distribution Of Dark Matter At Cosmic Scale”
    http://goo.gl/8uIp6G

  5. April 15, “NASA: No Signs Of Advanced Alien Civilizations In 100000 Galaxies”
    http://goo.gl/DNhEEy
    “Either they don’t exist, or they don’t yet use enough energy for us to recognize them.”

MY VIEW: Or, they don’t use energy in the form we expect them to be using it, which is “high levels of mid-infrared radiation.” Why do earth-based scientists presume that signs of alien “intelligence” will be recognizable to humans from great distances or at all? We could be looking for “life” in all the wrong ways.

  1. July 7, 2015, “There Are Millions Of Hidden Supermassive Black Holes In The Universe, Scientists Says”
    http://goo.gl/A97g4h
    The closest supermassive black hole to Earth is V4641 Sagitarii which is 1,600 light years away.
    “Astronomers have spotted five monster black holes previously hidden by dust and gas in space and they suggests that there might be millions more of them lurking around our universe.”

Look for Part I, published on June 1, which focused on info gathered by Alert.

ScienceAlert.com

Science Alert logo

Part II was published June 30, with info from Serious Wonder

SeriousWonder.com

SeriousWonderLogo

and Brain Pickings Weekly.

Brain pickings logo

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Part I: Science Alert, Serious Wonder and Cosmos Up

Part I: Science Alert, Serious Wonder and Cosmos Up

I should have been a research scientist. I love science. I’m extremely intelligent, determined, creative, and organized. I coulda been a contenda for a Nobel prize. That’s my story and I’m stickin’ to it.

Why am I not a scientist? I had a series of misogynistic (one of my teachers hated the four girls in my advanced science class so much he would pith [paralyze] the frogs by holding them in the air directly in front of one of us so that each frog would urinate on our blouses), anti-Semitic (another one wore his “John Birch Society” pin to school every day, displayed prominently on his lapel; there were three girls in my class and he insulted each of us daily), incompetent (in an lab accident at his “real” job, this poor man had lost most of his sight and drive and spent each class time mostly ignoring all of us) and otherwise horrible science teachers in 8th, 9th, and 10th grades.

With better teachers in those critical years, my life could have turned out very differently. Those terrible teachers turned me so far off science I only took one more “hard” science course (because it was required, in undergraduate college), despite many more years of education, through getting a doctorate.

As an adult, I became enthralled with quantum physics, health/anatomy, nutrition, child development/learning and the multiverse/astrophysics, so I read. A lot. I also watch documentaries. I am not even close to understanding some of the physics stuff, but the rest I got quite adept at utilizing. To “keep up,” I subscribe to many science-oriented blogs and curation sites.

My favorites are: Science Alert, Serious Wonder and Cosmos Up. I will excerpt from some of the “best of the best” of what I’ve recently perused. Part I is all from Science Alert.

I hope you enjoy! Go subscribe!


ScienceAlert.com

Science Alert logo

Astrophysics and Quantum Physics/Mechanics
19 Jan 2015 http://goo.gl/TRtzJD
“For the first time, scientists in Australia have detected a gigantic burst of radio waves from outside our galaxy in real time. Called blitzars [also known as ‘fast radio bursts’ (FRB’s)], these bursts generate as much energy as the Sun does in a day, but they do it in mere milliseconds….The source of these ‘blitzars’ has so far remained a mystery….[T]hey’ve calculated the blitzar to be up to 5.5 billion light-years away from Earth.”

22 Jan 2015 http://goo.gl/v6Q8S4
“Researchers have found that have found that quantum mechanics can cause more than two optical systems to become entangled, potentially across large distances….[Q]uantum entanglement states that two particles can be implicitly linked and can seemingly influence each other no matter how far apart they are….[Q]uantum entanglement exists and forms the basis of teleportation and quantum cryptography. [In 2014], researchers from the University of Geneva managed to teleport a photon across a distance 25 kilometres….[This new experiment] provides an important step towards validation of mesoscopic quantum mechanics. Mesoscopic refers to the discipline of physics that deals with matter in between micro and macroscopic.”

10 Feb 2015 http://goo.gl/v9nm44
“New model suggests the Big Bang never occurred. Instead, the Universe has simply been going forever….A new quantum equation suggests that the Universe has no beginning or end, and it could also account for dark matter and dark energy.”

05 Apr 2015 http://goo.gl/BAKoZa
“The LHC [Large Hadron Collider]…the monstrous underground atom smasher that hurls particles at near light speed, has been restarted….Here’s how it could change physics forever! ”
“The hunt for dark matter is on.”
These new LHC experiments may also resolve as-yet-unanswered questions regarding supersymmetry, antimatter, gravity and dark energy as well!

08 Apr 2015 http://goo.gl/i8yQw4
“NASA’s chief scientist predicts we’ll find signs of alien life by 2025: ‘I think we’re going to have strong indications of life beyond Earth within a decade, and I think we’re going to have definitive evidence within 20 to 30 years,’ NASA chief scientist, Ellen Stofan…
“‘It’s definitely not an if, it’s a when,’ said Jeffery Newmark, NASA’s interim director of heliophysics….
“‘[O]bservations by NASA’s Kepler space telescope suggest that nearly every star in the sky hosts planets – and many of these worlds may be habitable,’ says Mike Wall at Space.com.”

16 Apr 2015 http://goo.gl/jdGFtQ
“Big news: Dark matter may not be as dark as we originally thought. Astronomers have found the first evidence that dark matter interacts with forces other than gravity.”

Child Development/Learning
05 Jan 2015 http://goo.gl/5POY6W
“If you want to sure up your child’s communication and problem-solving skills, chatting…to your baby about nothing in particular while you’re getting ready or doing work around the house…can be even more important than reading to them, new research suggests….[R]eading is great for young kids, but… on its own, it’s not enough to shore up their cognitive development.”

Anatomy/Biology/Zoology and Gender
09 Jan 2015 http://goo.gl/60Zmfi

butterfly_480
“Is it a male, or female? This unusual butterfly, apparently, couldn’t decide on its sex, resulting in beautiful and starkly different sets of wings….[I]t was a Common Archduke (Lexias pardalis) butterfly, with a condition known as bilateral gynandromorphy…[which] also been reported in crustaceans, such as lobsters, as well as in birds….”

23 Mar 2015 http://goo.gl/aQyTet
“Scientists have found a drug that makes people more compassionate. It turns out altering people’s brain chemistry can stop them from being selfish jerks….The drug, called tolcapone, prolongs the effect of dopamine in the prefrontal cortex of the brain, a region involved in the regulation of complex thought and our emotions. And early tests suggest that it encourages people who take it to be more fair-minded when it comes to money.” I posit the biological bases for better or worse humans, particularly regarding behavior and selfishness, in my sci-fi ebooks, The Spanners Series.

09 Apr 2015 http://goo.gl/ED8UKh
“Brain ‘gender’ is more fluid than originally thought, research reveals….[C]ontinual Dnmt [DNA methyltransferase (Dnmt), an enzyme that usually silences certain genes] exposure is necessary throughout development to ensure that a brain turns female.”
“Scientists have managed to neurologically switch newborn rats from female to male….Not only did their behaviour change dramatically, but the rats’ brains also structurally transformed.”
In the 1990s, I conducted my doctoral research and wrote my dissertation on the mutability of both gender and sexual orientation identities with the factors of interpersonal safety and connection being pivotal in how frequently, fluidly and diversely each individual’s identities might fluctuate, inventing a term for this contextualized fluctuation: differential authenticity. http://goo.gl/IOcCWJ
“‘”It was thought that once established, sexual differentiation could not be undone,’ Nugent told PBS. ‘Our work shows that sex differences in brain and behaviour are epigenetically regulated, meaning that sex differences are not hardwired in our DNA but programmed during development.'”
I would add: and identities could change throughout life, regulated by circumstances and experiences.

21 May 2015 http://goo.gl/oSpB7e
“Octopuses are able to ‘see’ with their skin, new research finds….[T]he same kind of skin perception might be happening in other cephalopods, too. In other words, these creatures can feel changes in light as well as see them.”
Cephalopods are featuredin my sci-fi ebooks, The Spanners Series.

Health and Nutrition
05 Feb 2015 http://goo.gl/RFcvRZ and https://goo.gl/2HhO4z [with two videos from ASAP Science]
“Want to know how to decrease your odds of developing a cold by 58.8 percent, and if you do get one, how to shave 1.5 days off the length of it? The latest episode of AsapSCIENCE has got all the – scientifically approved – answers.” The two accompanying videos provide tips and advice and then debunk 6 common myths about how to behave/what to do/not do/eat/not eat when getting sick or already sick with a cold.

18 Mar 2015 http://goo.gl/iU4jW4
“The longer you’re breastfed, the higher your IQ and adult earnings, study suggests, but not too long, or the benefits become disadvantages….And the difference was pretty huge. If a child had been breastfed for an entire year, they scored on average four more IQ points, had almost another year of formal education, and earned an extra 341 reais a month – which is about about a third more than the average income level in Brazil – than those who had breastfed for less than a month. But beyond 12 months, and the benefits in later life dropped off significantly – in adulthood, these people were on average poorer, and less educated.”

08 April 2015 http://goo.gl/1ImN59
“Amazing chart shows the planet’s longest-living animals. See how your puny human lifespan compares.” Humans don’t even make the top 10! The longest-living (an ocean quahog [an edible clam, pronounced in Massachusetts, USA, “co-hog”] exists for over 400 years! Eight of the top 10 longest-lived animals are all sea-dwelling creatures; the other two are land tortoises. I guess living on land shortens our lifespan considerably. Humans should have stayed in the sea.

LongestAnimals_web_480


Look for Part II in late June, focusing on info gathered by Serious Wonder.

SeriousWonder.com

SeriousWonderLogo

After that, look for Part III in late July, info from Cosmos Up.

CosmosUp.com

Cosmos Up logo

Latest News in #ParallelUniverses and/or the #Multiverse, According to #Science in 2014

A scientific truth does not triumph by convincing its opponents and making them see the light, but rather because its opponents eventually die and a new generation grows up that is familiar with it. –Max Planck

What is the latest News in #ParallelUniverses and/or the #Multiverse, According to #Science in 2014?

I’ve been collecting “Google Alerts” on these topics for the entire year. In this post, I will curate/annotate/collect some of the best of the news so you can decide what to think about it all. Or, if you’re older and entrenched in old thinking, keep right on going like that to your grave.

Those of us ready to embrace new thinking will ignore you! The Tractor Beam has become an actuality, too, and has got us all, so just relax and let it suck you in.

tractor-beam

image from http://physicsworld.com

We are finding out almost daily that what we know is limited, biased and incomplete, at best, and flat-out wrong, at its worst. Whether or not you adhere to the tenets of a particular religion or faith or consider yourself outside of all that, science is blowing most ontological beliefs out of existence. I am excited, interested and thrilled by the latest discoveries.

I’m psyched! We’re getting more into White and Black Holes, Dark Energy and Dark Matter, Quantum Physics, Astronomy, Cosmology, Ontology and so much more! Can’t even do more than skim the surface in a blog post curating so much content, but here are some great tidbits.

Parallel Universes

How many of YOU can exist, and where are YOU all? Not just one “twin,” and not just an “evil” one, but infinite versions of every part of existence must exist somewhere. That is what physicists conclude after studying for decades. Whatever can happen is happening, many times, in every possible way, even ways we can’t even conceive of, to paraphrase many of them.

Most humans do not have direct knowledge of these alternate versions of ourselves, our world, the universe we inhabit. Some get the occasional “déjà vu” experience or dream. A few have psychic or extra-sensory perception understandings of a variety of futures or pasts. But, usually, what we live in is what we know.

parallel universes image 1

image from http://www.rdanderson.com

Posted on November 2 by Talha’s Physics Academy on Google+ was a summary of some research conclusions that confirmed the existence of Parallel Universes. Here are some excerpts, below, and the link to the source material.

“Academics at Griffith University have published a paper stating that not only are there infinite parallel universes, but those worlds actually interact with each other all the time — and that interaction is what makes everything else not make sense.

“Yeah.

“parallel universes

“The Many Worlds theory was first proposed in 1957 by Hugh Everett, who said that the ability of quantum particles to occupy two states seemingly at once could be explained by both states co-existing in different universes. Instead of a ‘waveform collapse’ in which quantum particles ‘decide’ to occupy one state or another, they actually occupy both, simultaneously. And a new branch opens up every time such a ‘decision’ is made.

“This theory has risen in popularity since being initially dismissed, and while it’s still a subject of intense debate, a new paper seeks to move the theory on.

“In a new study, published in the Physical Review X, Professor Howard Wiseman and Dr. Michael Hall from Griffith’s Centre for Quantum Dynamics, and Dr. Dirk-Andre Deckert from the University of California, argue that parallel worlds aren’t just a bizarre get-out clause for why quantum mechanics is so strange. They argue that their existence itself explains quantum mechanics.

“They argue that parallel universes are able to repel each other with a subtle force. The interaction of these Newtonian worlds creates a more complex quantum substructure.

“‘In the well-known “Many-Worlds Interpretation,” each universe branches into a bunch of new universes every time a quantum measurement is made,’ said Wiseman to Phys.org via Griffith University.

“All possibilities are therefore realised – in some universes the dinosaur-killing asteroid missed Earth. In others, Australia was colonised by the Portuguese.

“But critics question the reality of these other universes, since they do not influence our universe at all. On this score, our ‘Many Interacting Worlds’ approach is completely different, as its name implies.’

“He argues that our world is just one among many, but that the repulsion between them leads to the very quantum mechanics that so confuse physicists.

“‘The beauty of our approach is that if there is just one world, our theory reduces to Newtonian mechanics, while if there is a gigantic number of worlds, it reproduces quantum mechanics'” said Hall.

“He suggests that physicists might even be able to test for the existence of these other worlds—and that by modelling their existence we might be able to explore new forms of maths and physics, potentially with practical implications.”

Summary from: talhaphysicsacademy.blogspot.com
Original source: http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/2014/10/31/parallel-universes-exist_n_6080934.html

Proof seems to be what 2014 is filled with, so far.

The Multiverse

Multiverse Theory: Avoiding Evidence of Design was posted Youtube on Jan 30, 2014, an 8-minute lecture (podcast with no video component) by David Boze. Boze supports the “Bubble Multiverse” theory and avoids supporting “intelligent design” or “God” as either is currently configured.

The intro offered: “Which requires more faith: a belief in multiple universes or a belief in the intelligent design of our universe? On this episode of ID The Future, host, David Boze, explores the ideas found in a recent Harper’s Magazine article by MIT physicist and author, Alan Lightman. Some physicists attempt to side-step the intelligent design implications of our finely-tuned universe by suggesting that ours is merely one of countless universes, each with its own laws and constants.

Then, Lightman is quoted as saying: “‘If the multiverse idea is correct, then the historic mission of physics to explain all the properties of our universe…is futile, a beautiful philosophical dream that simply isn’t true.'”
http://youtu.be/iM6nMiDMKNU

More like this from: http://www.idthefuture.com

multiverses by Max Tegmark

image from http://space.mit.edu, The 4 Multiverse Theories of Max Tegmark

Then, the BIGGEST news (pun intended) of the year came in mid-March: “Big Bang discovery opens up possibility of multiverse” with this quote that reverberated across the globe: “…scientists announced this week that they found evidence of cosmic inflation, or the rapid expansion of the early universe, it supported the Big Bang theory. It also opened up the possibility of the existence of the multiverse — the idea that universes other than our own exist.”

This video from the article provided this evidence: “‘It’s hard to build models of inflation that don’t lead to a multiverse,’ said MIT theoretical physicist, Alan Guth (yes; the same Alan Guth who predicted inflation in 1980!). ‘It’s not impossible, so I think there’s still certainly research that needs to be done. But most models of inflation do lead to a multiverse, and evidence for inflation will be pushing us in the direction of taking [the idea of a] multiverse seriously.'”

A great summary statement: “The existence of other universes could also explain many of the weird astral phenomena scientists have witnessed.”

http://www.upi.com/Science_News/2014/03/21/Big-Bang-discovery-opens-up-possibility-of-multiverse/2011395411235/

Another article about similar topics later in the same month offered this insight about scientific experimentation: “The null result of the experiment should in no way color our perception of these tests as a failure; they are simply veils of ignorance being pulled away from the truths of the Universe.”
http://beforeitsnews.com/science-and-technology/2014/03/comments-of-the-week-4-from-null-results-to-the-multiverse-starts-with-a-bang-2684654.html

Cosmic-Inflation-Discovery

image from http://consciouslifenews.com

Then, on April 1, Katia Mosvitch posted that a Middle Ages’ mathematician/scientist/philosopher and Catholic Bishop, Robert Grosseteste, had written De Luce, which was recently translated from Medieval Latin into English. In it, Grosseteste posited the existence of the Multiverse mathematically and scientifically, using many astronomy facts not known in Medieval times but since proven true.

Upon learning of this early astrophysicist’s genius, one modern UK physicist, Richard Bower, stated: “…in future centuries, a new generation of physicists will look back at how we understand the universe today, and think, ‘How could they not see that?’ Bower said. “‘Modern cosmology is a grasping towards a more complete understanding of creation, but we do not yet see the full picture.'”
http://www.space.com/25301-multiverse-concept-middle-ages-grosseteste.html

This story, of the middle ages scientist’s having first heralded what is now a recent discovery, continued to spread across the globe via the internet and print journalism for many weeks.

Making an excellent connection to my sci-fi novels in The Spanners Series, especially Volume I, This Changes Everything, I have to mention that I “solve” problems of and offer explanations of seemingly out-of-sequence knowledge-holders by listing previously unrevealed dream-time or hologram visitations by our benevolent aliens from the Many Worlds Collective.

How would YOU explain these time warps? How could we know what we know before we seem to have been able to know it?

a-stubbornly-persistent-illusion-albert-einstein-56432

image from http://xi4.com

On 4/2/14, Marcelo Gleiser posted on the Cosmos and Culture blog of NPR (National Public Radio in the USA) using this title: What Universe Is This, Anyway? and this description of the multiverse and our place in it: “…an eternally replicating cosmos, filled with bubbles within bubbles. Ours would be but one of them.”

He went on to pose and then not answer some key questions: “…how common is our universe and its laws among the myriad universes belonging to the multiverse[?] Are we the exception or the rule? The problem is that we have no way to tell.”

Why is there “no way to tell” what is typical or common? Because of this quandary: “How are we to establish what is normal when, in the realm of the infinite, everything is possible?”

Sit with that for a while.
http://www.npr.org/blogs/13.7/2014/04/02/297853038/what-universe-is-this-anyway

many realities

image from http://customerthink.com

Here is a 4/3/14 piece from a fun site with a great name and tagline: Exponential Times: THE FUTURE COMES FASTER THAN YOU THINK, posted by filmmaker and physicist, David Kaplan. The short video he narrates includes the transcript of it: Multiverse and Particle Fever. Kaplan asks basic questions, such as: “Is all the information we want…accessible? …Is it in our universe?”

He plainly states the ongoing scientific dilemma: “We are biased by what we measure by the fact that we are here measuring it” in reference to his team’s discovery of the Higgs-Boson particle (“The ‘God Particle'”) via the Large Hadron Collider (LHC).

Kaplan and others repeatedly remind us that some of the most intelligent, creative, knowledgeable scientists in our generation can only know what we know and only know it the way we know it, but there is infinitely much more to know.

http://www.exponentialtimes.net/videos/david-kaplan-multiverse-and-particle-fever?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+exponentialtimes+(Exponential+Times)

level-ii-multiverse

image from http://richarddawkins.net

On 4/4/14, the creationists (Darwin/evolution-deniers, recently re-branded as “natural scientists” and/or “intelligent design” proponents) weigh in on the multiverse revelations (pun intended). Their website is unironically named “Evolution News.” Fabulous.

The author, Bruce Gordon (“Dr. Gordon is a Senior Fellow with the Center for Science & Culture and Associate Professor of the History and Philosophy of Science at Houston Baptist University. He is the co-editor with William Dembski of The Nature of Nature: Examining the Role of Naturalism in Science (Intercollegiate Studies Institute, 2011″), makes many wild claims, surrounding them with complicated sentences intended to make him sound smart, but succeeding only in obfuscating the points he wants to make. Here is my favorite: “… taken seriously, the inflationary multiverse proposal completely undermines scientific rationality.”

This lengthy, pseudo-scientific post concludes with this punchy statement: “…it’s intelligent design all the way through and all the way down and that theophobic scientific materialists, once they get past knee-jerk denials, must come to terms with what is, for them, a worldview-defeating fact.”

I love how the author decides to allude to the infinite regression fable of creation—“nothing but turtles, all the way down”—making me laugh even more at his ridiculousness.

http://www.evolutionnews.org/2014/04/a_matter_of_con084001.html

Posted on 11/1/14, scientists revisited the same questions we started with back in early 2014 and before in a debate hosted in late October by Pioneer Works in Brooklyn, NY, USA, entitled: “An infinite multiverse: a bad idea or inescapable? Two areas of physics say there may be another you in a different universe.” They invited this trio to discuss/debate these topics:

Janna Levin, a mathematician and theoretical cosmologist who declared herself agnostic about the multiverse, acted as a moderator. Arguing in favor was Max Tegmark, a cosmologist at MIT. His MIT colleague, Frank Wilczek, (winner of the Nobel for his work on the strong force) took the opposing position.

What did this conversation offer? John Timmer wrote the summary. I quote from him above and here:

“Levin pointed out that some infinities are bigger than others, so we’re not sure whether there really is enough universe to produce infinite copies of us.”

“But Tegmark countered that if there are a finite number of ways to arrange quarks–—and some indications are that this is the case–—then ‘in that case, a small infinity should work to get us all the possibilities.'”

“But Wilczek’s issue wasn’t so much one of whether this form of infinite universes is likely to exist. He made it clear that he privileges the reality that we can interact with, and thus do science with. Even if multiple universes are a necessary outcome of the physics we discover in this one, he’d still rather focus on what goes on here.”

http://arstechnica.com/science/2014/11/an-infinite-multiverse-a-bad-idea-or-inescapable/

What do you think? And, which you is thinking it, when and where?

many yous